GROWING HEMP - Producing CBD
It All Starts with the Germination of Seeds. GROWING HEMP at HempChain Farms
Growing Hemp – When growing hemp we use organic potting soil and carbon amendments to create healthy seedlings. Once the seedlings have grown strong, we then transplant them to our fields. We prepare the fields for growing hemp using sustainable tilling practices. And organic fertilizers because the land has been unused for years. We harvest, dry and package all the materials in the Nexus Greenhouse on the property.
Next we transport the harvested materials to the processing facility for extraction. With the latest technology and equipment, the initial extraction of phytocannabinoids begins. The extracted material also undergoes a series of post-refinements based on the client’s needs.
Each order also contains a Certificate of Analysis. As well as a Certificate of Quality Assurance from our internal laboratory using liquid chromatography. To ensure the quality and accuracy of our internal lab we use outsourced labs for quality control on select batches of materials. Our seeds are certified and specific to producing CDB.
FOR THE 2019 GROWING SEASON, WE ARE OPENING OUR DOORS TO EAST COAST FARMERS. IF YOU WILL BE PRODUCING CBD RICH FLOWER AND WOULD LIKE TO HAVE IT PROCESSED OR BOUGHT, SEND US A MESSAGE!
Growing Hemp - Harvesting Hemp in 11 Steps
CBD comes from the cannabis strain of hemp. However, like any plant, this all also begins with the seeds. Therefore, we only use certified seeds for growing hemp in producing CBD. These hemp seeds also have a low THC volume. Therefore, their approved for cultivation and the extraction of CBD oil. The reason these plants are bred is for producing CBD. We can also control the THC content by planting the seeds at a specific time.
Furthermore, they undergo rigorous testing to ensure the concentration of THC remains low. In order to prevent psychoactive effects transferring to the CBD oil. Because of this testing, manufacturers can provide the highest quality products. And ensure that only premium hemp is being cultivated. In order to produce CBD oil with the purest quality and concentration.
We take special precautions and care to make sure the hemp flowers grow properly. The CBD-rich hemp flower is feminine and not hermaphrodites or males. It’s a required part of the plant’s care in order to grow. Once the seeds have developed into harvestable plants, cultivation and harvesting can begin. Cultivation is the process of taking these developed plants and harvesting them for the CBD materials.
Licensed farmers then collect and deliver the plants to our processing facility. We are meeting State and personal guidelines testing the plants. We also test the plants for health and quality standards, in addition to, specific THC levels. At our sites, we grow only specific strains of hemp and at regulated times to ensure that this remains the case. And still offer a high yield of usable hemp. Using the low resin THC plants we produce CBD oils and Balms.
Next comes the processing phase of the CBD production. We remove the CBD from the hemp during this phase. The first step to processing Hemp for the production of CBD is by drying it. This is no easy task. The method used to cure hemp can drastically affect its quality and usability.
Hemp dried under the proper conditions minimizes the loss of product. In contrast, hemp harvested under adverse conditions can cause major loss of product. Such adverse conditions can include a slow drying process or inadequate ventilation. Also damage or contamination by fungi, bugs or bacteria. The harvests could become spoiled and ruin the hemp and the CBD product that could be produced from it.
With this stage being so crucial to the production of CBD, it only makes sense that it would require someone well versed in growing and maintaining hemp to produce it. This is why it’s so important you find a company you can trust and knows what they’re doing.
When we process the hemp, it’s also important we’re using hemp thats rich in CBD oil. What this means is of the plants we have cultivated, we choose the ones with the most CBD. Choosing such plants ensures the oils gathered from them are the purest and highest quality. We grow hemp specifically bred to produce larger flowers. That yield large quantities of CBD. This ensures the THC content remains low. Focusing on plants bred for the purpose of CBD extraction means producing CBD at an efficient rate. One plant of hemp specifically bred for CBD farming can produce higher quantity and quality CBD. Our plants produce more CBD than the standard hemp plant used to make fiber. Only hemp rich with CBD can produce the highest quality and purest oils. It’s important to find a company that doesn’t cut corners and always provides the best for its customers.
5. CO2 Extraction
To get the highest quantity of targeted compounds in the shortest time period, we use Co2 as an extraction solvent. Supercritical carbon dioxide is a fluid form of carbon dioxide. We achieve this by keeping its critical temperature and critical pressure at or above(87.98 F and 1073 psi, respectively). The near-liquid density of supercritical fluid increases the interactions between the substrate and the CO2. The gas-like property of the supercritical fluid gives it excellent mass transfer capabilities.
These features make supercritical CO2 an amazing solvent for extraction. CO2 passes through solid organic matrix’s to pick up desired extractants. As a gas, CO2 loses its solvency power, facilitating separation from the solute. By changing the extraction pressure and temperature, the solvent power and selectivity of supercritical CO2 can also be changed. We can optimize an extraction for a species of interest.
Extraction of the oil involves using the entirety of the hemp plant to extract as much crude CBD oil as possible. This involves utilizing areas of the plant such as the flower and trim in order to extract as much crude CBD as possible. It’s also important to only use high-quality hemp bred for CBD farming. Using improper hemp can cause a variety of issues that can ultimately set back manufacturers. Poor hemp could cause a lower quality CBD oil which could mean impurities.
Subcritical carbon dioxide is also utilized when extracting yields with increased volumes of terpenoids, flavonoids, and other such volatiles. Subcritical CO2 runs at milder extraction parameters than other solvents, targeting those volatile compounds.
Following a subcritical run with a supercritical extraction completely scrubs the matrix of any remaining valuable compounds. Achieving a full-spectrum extraction.
Once the crude CBD oil has been extracted, it needs to be processed and dewaxed. Crude CBD contains many impurities found within the plant such as waxes, pigments, and other organic substances. This is where the process of dewaxing comes into effect. Dewaxing takes this crude CBD and, some chemical compounds that aid in removing these undesired waxes producing purer CBD. Removal of the waxes increases overall CBD purity and the concentration of cannabinoids within the oil. From there, the oil is filtered from waxes, leaving behind a stable and relatively pure CBD oil. The oil can also be further refined to increase its purity. The left-over waxes produce a byproduct known as “hemp wax.” This process can be repeated in order to ensure that the final product is as pure as possible. After all, less wax means more oil, and more oil means a more effective CBD.
After removing the wax from the crude CBD, the next step to making pure CBD oil is filtration. Filtration is the next, and crucial step to dewaxing. Filtering removes further waxes from the oil, while still ensuring that the CBD contains as many cannabinoids as possible within the oil. There are many different types of filtration including gravity filtration, vacuum filtration, pour-through filtration, and wintered filtration, though all are effective methods of separating the wax, if done correctly. Regardless of method of filtration is chosen, the process usually is repeated multiple times until there is absolutely no wax within the CBD solution. In some cases, a centrifuge could be used which could greatly speed up the filtration of the CBD oil, however, this will still take some time to filter. Once the solution has been filtered, the solvent must be removed from the CBD.
The final step to producing pure CBD oil is by distilling the filtered product. While removing all of the imperfections is impossible by human standards, a final distillation of the product must be completed so that the produced oil is as close to pure as possible. The distillation is done through more careful vacuuming and temperature circulation. What this does is it isolates the different components found in the CBD, and allows for any final impurities to be removed and a mostly pure CBD oil to be produced. Once the oil has been fully distilled, it can go onto being either packaged as is or put into other products and sold in that manor. Regardless of how it is sold, it must also go through these numerous purifying processes, otherwise the final product would be unsatisfactory, and could end up causing more harm than it ends up solving.
Formulations involve the process of adding this newly purified CBD oil to different products so that it may be sold. This process involves turning the oil into CBD capsules, selling it just as oil, selling it as extract, or allowing it to take a form that it may be used in vapes or even as an edible substance. Regardless of which form it takes, it is very important that the formulation be done by a trained professional. To make sure that correct doses of the substance are given. As part of the formulation, the CBD is often deluded to meet the requirements of the client. Especially if it’s purchased by a larger corporation. In this case, it is important that the formulation, as stated, be done by professionals with experience, as inaccurate measuring could cause unwanted effects, just like with any medicinal substance.
10. Types of CBD Oil and Distillate Products in bulk
Naturae Oils and HempChain Farms offer various types of products. Some of our products include: Crude CBD Oil, CBD Distillate, T-Free CBD Distillate, CBD Isolate, Water soluble CBD distillate.
From seed to product, it has been a long road to creating a viable substance usable by the public and professionals. The final step in this process is packaging it. We package our product, ensuring that you will receive the finest CBD oils. Knowing that we’ve taken pride in our work. Any oils that do not meet our standards do not make it to this phase. The product you receive is hand-checked and reviewed to ensure that it meets our standards. After this testing and packing, we are ready to ship it out to whoever may need it. We’re confident when using our product you will have the same pride in its quality as we did making it. We are more than happy to serve our loyal customers and believe that a good product with no cut corners makes all the difference.
FOR THE 2019 GROWING SEASON, WE ARE OPENING OUR DOORS TO EAST COAST FARMERS. IF YOU WILL BE PRODUCING CBD-RICH FLOWER AND WOULD LIKE TO HAVE IT PROCESSED OR BOUGHT, SEND US A MESSAGE!